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This cultural symbol extended to several Western countries in the Americas, western Europe, south Africa, and Australia. 33 Specific long hairstyles such as brengen dreadlocks have been part of counterculture movements seeking to define other alternative cultures and lifestyles since this time. 12 Longer hair in general remained popular due to the youth rebellion throughout the liberal decade of the 1960s. 33 The long hair trend grew with the spread of the hippie movement in the 1960s 33 and, in the 1970s, longer hair styles would become the norm among men and women. In the 1970s, the popularity of Jamaica 's reggae music and musician Bob Marley prompted interest in dreadlocks internationally. The anti-establishment philosophy of Rastafari, echoed in much of the reggae of the time, resonated with leaning youth of all ethnicities especially and primarily among African Americans and other Blacks, but among counterculture whites as well. 34 Eastern Christians are encouraged by whom? to wear long hair with long beard. In the 1980s the view of long hair as a solitary signifier of political or counter-cultural identity was countered and parodied in films such as Rambo and many other militaristic heroes of media which challenged then-contemporary views of tradition. S longer hairstyles among men became popular among neopagans and rock enthusiasts; 36 for example, musicians in Metal bands and their fans often wear long hair. Long hair may be grown for the purpose of being donated to an organization, such as Locks of love, for hairpieces to help those who could not have hair otherwise, such as those who are diagnosed with alopecia aerate. Today long hair has gained even more popularity. Even among mainstream men it is socially acceptable to have hair reaching around the upper back. This could in part be due to the "man bun" trend where men pull their shoulder length or longer hair back into a topknot Bun (hairstyle).
Long hair - wikipedia
Consistent with principles of evolutionary psychology, these results indicate that hair length and quality can act as a cue to a woman's youth and health, signifying reproductive potential. The correlation between the woman's hair length and marital status, or number of children, was however not more than to be expected from the correlation between hair length and age. 6 Recent trends among men edit long male hair in western youth culture became popular in the 1960s and 70s with The beatles. Before world War One men generally had longer hair and beards. However, short hair on men was introduced in World War One for soldiers. Slaves and defeated armies were often required to shave their heads. The trench warfare in 1914 to 1918 exposed men to flea and lice infestations, which prompted the order to cut short hair, establishing a military tradition. 15 beat poets during the 1950s wore longer hairstyles. By 1960, a small " beatnik " community in Newquay, cornwall, England (including a young wizz jones ) had attracted the attention of their neighbors for growing their hair to a length past the shoulders, resulting in a television interview with Alan Whicker on bbc. S also introduced The beatles, who started a more widespread longer hair trend. The social revolution of the 1960s led to a renaissance of unchecked hair growth, 15 and long hair, especially on men, was worn as a political or countercultural symbol or protest and as a symbol of masculinity.
was emblematic of the disputes between cavaliers and roundheads (Puritans). Cavaliers wore longer hair, and were less religious-minded, thought of by the roundheads as lecherous. The more devout roundheads typically had somewhat shorter hair 9 Around this time, long hair in England also came to be associated with adventurers who traveled to America and were familiar with the native culture there, short hair with less adventurous types. Recent trends among women edit The seven Sutherland Sisters were singing and showing off their famous floor-length hair in a sideshow of Barnum bailey's from about 1882 to 1907. Opera singer Mary garden in 1908 with knee-length hair Dutch woman with thigh-length hair Ngbandi girls with hip-length hair Spanish woman with a hair decoration Growing and wearing long hair was common among women in the western world until World War One. 15 Long female hair never ceased in western culture, though it was rare during the 1920s and 1930s. In most current cultures, it is more typical for women to wear long hair than for men to. An American study shows significant correlation between hair length and age, which indicates that younger women tend to have longer hair than older women. A significant correlation was also found between women's hair length and hair quality. Moreover, hair quality was correlated with the women's perceived physical health.
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The gaelic Irish (both men and women) 28 took great pride in their long hair—for example, a person could be heavily fined for cutting a man's hair short against his will. 29 When the Anglo-normans and the English colonized Ireland, hair length came to signify one's allegiance. Irishmen who cut their hair short were deemed to be forsaking total their Irish heritage. Likewise, english colonists who wore their hair long in the back were deemed to be forsaking their role best as English subjects and giving in to the Irish life. Thus, hair length was one of the most common ways of judging a true englishman in this period. Muslims in Christian areas were ordered to keep their hair short and parted, as their longer style was considered rebellious and barbaric. 30 The long hair tradition was widespread among English and French men in the 11th and 12th centuries, though it was considered, mostly because of endorsement of the roman Catholic Church, acceptable for men also to have shorter hair. The tradition was largely brought about by monarchs who rejected the shorter hairstyle, causing the people to follow. Wulfstan, a religious leader, worried that those with longer hair would fight like women, and be unable to protect England from foreign invasion. This idea can be found in later military leaders as well, such as those of the American Confederacy. 31 Knights and rulers would also sometimes cut or pull out their hair in order to show penitence and mourning, and a squire's hair was generally shorter than a knight's. Married women who let their hair flow out in public were frowned upon, as this was normally reserved for the unwed, although they were allowed to let it out in mourning, to show their distressed state.
A widely held alternative interpretation of the conventional belief is that they kept it long, and simply tied it back in a style known as a ponytail in order to keep it out of their enemies' reach. The ponytail method allowed warriors, who often traveled to battle with a minimal amount of equipment in order to avoid excessively heavy loads over long marches, to keep their hair manageable with a small piece of string to hold their pony tail in place and. Around the sixth century, however, the Greek men shifted to shorter hairstyles, with the exception of the Spartans. Women in the culture remained with the longer style, which for them showed freedom, health, and wealth, as well as good behavior. 23 In men, it was considered a sign of false pride by this time. 24 Pliny the Elder in his Natural History and Varro related that the romans did not begin to cut their hair short until barbers were introduced to Italy from Sicily. Ticinius Mena in 299. 25 Women in Roman times valued long hair, usually with a center part. Apart from in the earliest times, men's hair was usually shorter than women's, although other cultures of the time, such as Greeks in the east, considered long hair to be typical of philosophers, who were thought to be too engrossed in learning to bother with. 26 Strictly in the province of Rome, however, the shorter hairstyle was especially popular. 24 When Julius caesar conquered the gauls, who favored long hair, he ordered it to be cut short. 27 Middle Ages edit In the european middle ages, shorter hair often signified servitude and peasantry, while long hair was often attributed to freemen, as was the case with the germanic Goths and Merovingians.
32 Cutest, curly bob hairstylesAt any given time, about 85 of hair strands are in anagen. 19 The fibroblast growth factor 5 (FGF5) gene affects the hair cycle in mammals including humans; blocking fgf5 in the human scalp (by applying a herbal extract that blocked fgf5) extends the hair cycle, resulting in less hair fall and increased hair growth. 20 Cultural history edit europe edit In Jewish and Christian scriptures edit In the Old Testament, the nazirites would go for long periods of time without cutting their hair to show devotion to god. 21 Samson is one example; his strength depended upon his refraining from cutting his hair, described as worn in "seven locks". 10 In the new Testament, saint paul (formerly saul of Tarsus) wrote, "Doth not even nature itself teach you, that, if a man have long hair, it werking is a shame unto him? But if a woman have long hair, it is a glory to her: for her hair is given her for a covering. But if any seem contentious, we have no such custom, neither do the churches of God." 22 Ancient Greece and Rome edit In ancient Greece, long male hair was a symbol of wealth and power, while a shaven head was appropriate for a slave. The ancient Greeks had several gods and heroes who wore their hair long, including zeus, achilles, apollo, and Poseidon. Greek soldiers are said to have worn their hair long in battle. Such warriors considered it a sign of aristocracy and are said to have combed it openly in order to show off. Also, in order to keep enemies from getting a hold of it in battle, they were known to cut the front short, but leave it long in the back, where it was more out of reach.
14 In cosmetology, hair lengths are usually categorized according to the part of the body where the bulk of the longest hair terminates: chin level, shoulder length, lower shoulderblade / mid-back level, waist length, hip-length, classic length (extends to almost buttock-length,. Upper thigh-length, where the legs meet the buttocks thigh-length, knee-length and ankle/floor length hair. 14 15 hair usually takes about two years to reach shoulder length, 16 and about seven years to reach waist-length/hip-length, including occasional trims (approximately 8090 cm (3236 inches) from forehead for most people) 15 16 Maximum hair length edit portrait of Julie manet by renoir, 1894 The. Documentation for decrease of the maximum length with age cannot be found in the literature. Some individuals can reach excessive lengths. Lengths greater than 150 cm (59 in) are frequently observed in long hair contests. 17 xie qiuping had the longest documented hair in the world, measuring.627 m (18 ft.54 in) in may 2004. 18 The maximum terminal hair length depends on the length of the anagen (period of hair growth) for the individual. Waist-length hair or longer is only possible to reach for people with long anagen. The anagen lasts between 2 and 7 years, for some individuals even longer, and is followed by shorter catagen (transition) and telogen (resting) periods.
Curly howard - wikipedia
For some groups or individuals, however, short hair is the selected trait. 5 by seven to nine months, infants can tell the sexes apart based on hair length, voice pitch and faces. 8 Cultural meaning edit ways of life often viewed as more rigid, such as soldiers and religious cultures, frequently have explicit rules regarding hair length. For example, buddhist monks shave their heads as part of their order of worship. 9 Similarly, religious men with long hair include the nazarites of the hebrew Bible ( Samson being a famous example) 10 and the sikhs. 11 Subservient cultures may view male long hair negatively, and are sometimes detected by their rulers through hair length, as was the case with the gaelic Irish under English rule and the moors under Spanish rule in Medieval Spain. Clarification needed east Asian cultures have traditionally seen long, unkempt hair in a woman as a sign of sexual intent or a recent sexual encounter, as usually their hair is tied up in styles such as the ponytail, plait, or any bun. 12 Transferred meaning edit The traditional connotation of "long hair" in English meant, roughly, someone artistically knowledgeable or wise, an aesthete. 13 As a descriptive term, it has been applied to merovingians and classical music enthusiasts, as well as hippies and aesthetes. 13 hair lengths edit An American woman with armpit length hair a fillipina woman with mid back length hair a nepalese woman with waist length hair An Italian woman with hip/tailbone length hair a sri lankan woman with classic length hair a dutch woman with.
An exception was however head hair, which was kept to provide thermal insulation of the scalp from the sun, to protect against ultra-violet radiation exposure, and also to provide cooling (when sweat evaporates from soaked hair). Citation needed, the ability to grow straight hair, has been observed among, homo sapiens sub-groups in less sunny regions further away from the equator. Afro-textured hair, straight hair allows doen more uv light to pass to the scalp (which is essential for the production of vitamin d, that is important for bone development). Scientists also view the ability to grow very long hair as a result of sexual selection, since long and healthy hair is a sign of fertility and youth. 5 need"tion to verify an evolutionary biology explanation for this attraction is that hair length and quality can act as a cue to youth and health, signifying a woman's reproductive potential. 6 As hair grows nicotinic slowly, long hair may reveal 23 years of a person's health status, nutrition, age and reproductive fitness. Malnutrition and deficiencies in minerals and vitamins due to starvation causes loss of hair or changes in hair color (e.g. Dark hair turning reddish). 7 Psychological significance edit Anthropologists speculate that the functional significance of long head hair may be adornment, a by-product of secondary natural selection once other androgenic / somatic hair (body hair) had largely been lost. Another possibility is that long head hair is a result of Fisherian runaway sexual selection, where long lustrous hair is a visible marker for a healthy individual.
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This article is about human head hair. For other uses, see. A man with shoulder length hair, 1599. A woman with waist length hair, long hair is a hairstyle where the head hair is allowed to grow to considerable length. Exactly what constitutes long hair can change from culture to culture, or even within cultures. For example, a woman with chin-length hair in some cultures may be said to have short hair, while a man with the same length of hair in some of the same cultures would be said to have long hair. Males having short, cut hair are in many cultures viewed as being under society's control, such as while in the military or prison or as punishment for a crime. Long lustrous female hair is generally rated attractive by both men and women across cultures. 1 2, the prevalence of trichophilia (hair partialism or fetishism) is 7 in the population, and very long hair is a common subject of devotion in this group. Contents, biological significance edit, a woman with mid-back level hair, girls with long hair. Humans, horses, and orangutans are among the few species that may grow their head hair very long. Humans are believed to have lost their fur.53 million years ago as hominids when transitioning from a forest habitat to the open savanna, as an effect of natural selection, since this development made it possible to run fast and hunt animals close to the.